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HISTORY 3CG3 Canadians in a Global Age, 1914 to the Present

Academic Year: Fall 2017

Term: Fall

Day/Evening: D

Instructor: Prof. Jennifer Tunnicliffe

Email: tunnicje@mcmaster.ca

Office: Chester New Hall 401

Phone: 905-525-9140 x 24382


Office Hours: Mondays 10:30 to 11:20 am / Tuesdays 1:30 to 2:20 pm

Course Objectives:

This course introduces students to the history of Canada’s place in the world, considering the ways in which global developments influenced and were influenced by Canadians. Throughout the twentieth century, the peoples of the world became increasingly interconnected and Canadians were a part of this process. These interactions could take a number of different forms, including wars and revolutions, the development of international alliances and organizations, mass immigration, and the spread of mass communication and consumer culture.

By the end of the course, you should be able to trace the impact of outside events on Canada, to identify the external and domestic factors that have driven Canada’s actions abroad, and to analyse the recurrent themes that have affected Canadian relations with the wider world. Our course will not only examine these larger themes - it will also spend considerable time on how the lives of ordinary Canadians were affected and altered as a result of living in such modern times.

Beyond providing you with an understanding of Canada’s engagement with the world, assignments are meant to develop your independent research, writing, and analytical skills.

Textbooks, Materials & Fees:

There is no assigned textbook for this course.

Readings consist of book chapters and various journal articles, and are listed in the course schedule below. Journal articles are available online through the library catalogue, book chapters are available on reserve at Mills Library. Where copyright permissions allow, scanned copied of the readings will be available on the Avenue to Learn site.

Method of Assessment:

Reading Discussion / Participation = 15%

Primary Source Analysis = 15% 

Research Paper

  • Proposal = 10% 
  • Final Paper = 30% 

Exam = 30%

Policy on Missed Work, Extensions, and Late Penalties:

Please make note of the following expectations:

  • All assignments are due at the beginning of class on the assigned date.
  • Students should submit a printed copy of all assignments and submit an electronic copy to the Dropbox on A2L.
  • Written work that is late will be penalized 3% each day, including weekends.
  • Extensions or other accommodations must be prearranged with the instructor, and will only be considered if supported by appropriate documentation.
  • All written course material will be graded on content, argument, and writing style.
  • All written work must include appropriate referencing of all sources, in Turabian/Chicago Style. A guide can be found online at: http://library.mcmaster.ca/guides/turabian-chicago-style-guide
  • Students are required to keep all research notes and rough drafts for their papers, and may be required to hand them in. Students are also responsible for keeping a back up copy of every written assignment submitted.
  • Printed assignments not handed directly to the instructor should be placed in the History Dropbox, located outside of the office in CNH 619.

Please Note the Following Policies and Statements:

Academic Dishonesty

You are expected to exhibit honesty and use ethical behaviour in all aspects of the learning process. Academic credentials you earn are rooted in principles of honesty and academic integrity.

Academic dishonesty is to knowingly act or fail to act in a way that results or could result in unearned academic credit or advantage. This behaviour can result in serious consequences, e.g. the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: "Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty"), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university.

It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty. For information on the various types of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy, located at www.mcmaster.ca/academicintegrity

The following illustrates only three forms of academic dishonesty:

  1. Plagiarism, e.g. the submission of work that is not one’s own or for which other credit has been obtained.
  2. Improper collaboration in group work.
  3. Copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations.

Email correspondence policy

It is the policy of the Faculty of Humanities that all email communication sent from students to instructors (including TAs), and from students to staff, must originate from each student’s own McMaster University email account. This policy protects confidentiality and confirms the identity of the student.  Instructors will delete emails that do not originate from a McMaster email account.

Modification of course outlines

The University reserves the right to change dates and/or deadlines etc. for any or all courses in the case of an emergency situation or labour disruption or civil unrest/disobedience, etc. If a modification becomes necessary, reasonable notice and communication with the students will be given with an explanation and the opportunity to comment on changes. Any significant changes should be made in consultation with the Department Chair.

McMaster Student Absence Form (MSAF)

In the event of an absence for medical or other reasons, students should review and follow the Academic Regulation in the Undergraduate Calendar Requests for Relief for Missed Academic Term Work. Please note these regulations have changed beginning Fall 2015. You can find information at mcmaster.ca/msaf/. If you have any questions about the MSAF, please contact your Associate Dean's office.

Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities

Students who require academic accommodation must contact Student Accessibility Services (SAS) to make arrangements with a Program Coordinator. Academic accommodations must be arranged for each term of study. Student Accessibility Services can be contacted by phone 905-525-9140 ext. 28652 or e-mail sas@mcmaster.ca. For further information, consult McMaster University's Policy for Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities.

Academic Accommodation for Religious, Indigenous and Spiritual Observances

Students requiring academic accommodation based on religion and spiritual observances should follow the procedures set out in the Course Calendar or by their respective Faculty. In most cases, the student should contact his or her professor or academic advisor as soon as possible to arrange accommodations for classes, assignments, tests and examinations that might be affected by a religious holiday or spiritual observance.

Topics and Readings:

TOPICS and READINGS - Assigned readings are listed under each lecture.



Tuesday, September 5th – Course Introduction

Thursday, September 7th – Indigenous Peoples, Colonialism, and Canada

Milloy, John. “Indian Act Colonialism: A Century of Dishonour, 1869-1969.” Research Paper for the National Centre for First Nations Governance. Vancouver: National Centre for First Nations Governance, 2008. Available online at: http://fngovernance.org/ncfng_research/milloy.pdf

Mosby, Ian. “Administering Colonial Science: Nutrition Research and Human Biomedical Experimentation in Aboriginal Communities and Residential Schools, 1942-1952.” Histoire sociale/Social History 46, no. 1 (2013): 145-172.

Friday, September 8th – Immigration and the Development of a British Canada

Goutor, David. “Constructing the ‘great menace’: Canadian Labour Opposition to Asian Migration, 1880-1914.” Canadian Historical Review 88, no. 4 (2007): 549-576.



Tuesday, September 12th – Intolerance in Early 20th Century Canada

No readings

Thursday, September 14th – Seminar #1 – Group A

Friday, September 15th – Seminar #1 – Group B

To discuss – Milloy, Mosby, Goutor articles plus Primary Sources on A2L



Tuesday, September 19th – War and Depression: Canada’s Great War

Cook, Tim. ‘Battles of the Imagined Past: Canada’s Great War and Memory.’ Canadian Historical Review 95, no. 3 (2014): 417-426.

McKay, Ian and Jamie Swift. “Myths, Memory, and a Creation Story.” In The Vimy Trap: Or, How We Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Great War (2016): Chapter 1.

Thursday, September 21st – War and Prosperity: Canada and the Second World War

Vance, Jonathan. “An Open Door to a Better Future: The Memory of Canada’s Second World War.” in Canada and the Second World War: Essays in Honour of Terry Copp, eds. Geoffrey Hayes, Mike Bechthold, and Matt Symes (2012): Chapter 21.

Friday, September 22nd – A New World Order

No readings



Tuesday, September 26th – Seminar #2 – Group A

Thursday, September 28th – Seminar #2 – Group B

To discuss – Cook article, McKay/Swift chapter, Vance chapter

Friday, September 29th – Canadian-Soviet Relations in the Cold War

Film: Tom Daly, Our Northern Neighbour, National Film Board of Canada (1944)


WEEK FIVE: * Primary Source Analysis Assignment Due Tuesday, October 3rd

Tuesday, October 3rd – Canada and the UN

Chapnick, Adam. “Canadian Middle Power Myth.” International Journal 22, no. 2 (Spring 2000): 188-206.

Webster, David. “Canadians and the ‘First Wave’ of United Nations Technical Assistance.” In Canada and the United Nations: Legacies, Limits, Prospects, eds. Colin McCullough and Robert Teigrob (2016): Chapter 3.

Thursday, October 5th – Canada as a Peacekeeper

Spooner, Kevin. “Just West of Neutral: Canadian ‘Objectivity’ and Peacekeeping during the Congo Crisis, 1960-61.” Canadian Journal of African Studies 43, no. 2 (2009): 303-336

McCullough, Colin. “The Political Rhetoric of Peacekeeping, 1956-97.” In Creating Canada’s Peacekeeping Past (2016): Chapter 1.

Friday, October 6th – Library Period / Discussion of Research Proposal Expectations


** Mid-Term Recess: Monday, October 9 – Sunday, October 15 **



Tuesday, October 17th – Canada-US Relations in the 1960s

McKercher, Asa. “New Frontiers: Kennedy in Ottawa and the Cold War in the Third World, 1961-1962.” In Camelot and Canada: Canadian-American Relations in the Kennedy Era (2016): Chapter 2.

Preston, Andrew. “Balancing War and Peace: Canadian Foreign Policy and the Vietnam War, 1961-1965,” Diplomatic History 27, no. 1(2003): 73-111.

Thursday, October 19th – Seminar #3 – Group A

Friday, October 20th – Seminar #3 – Group B

To discuss – Chapnick, Webster, Spooner, McCullough chapters/articles


WEEK SEVEN: * Research Paper Proposal Due Tuesday, October 24th

Tuesday, October 24th – Canada, Britain and the End of Empire?

Champion, C. P. “A Very British Coup: Canadianism, Quebec, and Ethnicity in the Flag Debate, 1964-1965.” Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d'études canadiennes 40 no. 3 (2006): 68-99.

Thursday, October 26th – Celebrating 100 Years of Canada: Expo 1967

Rutherdale, Myra and Jim Miller. “It’s Our Country”: First Nations’ Participation in the Indian Pavilion at Expo ’67.” Journal of the CHA 17 no.2 (2006): 148-173.

Friday, October 27th – Library Period / Discussion of Research Paper Expectations



Tuesday, October 31st – Consumer Culture: Branding Canada

Hastings, Paula. ‘Branding Canada: Consumer Culture and the Development of Popular Nationalism in the Early Twentieth Century.’ In Canadas of the Mind, eds., Norman Hillmer and Adam Chapnick (2007): Chapter 6.

Carstairs, Catherine. “Roots Nationalism: Branding English Canada Cool In The 1980s and 1990s.” Histoire sociale/ Social History 39, no. 77 (2006): 235-255.

Thursday, November 2nd – Seminar #4 – Group A

Friday, November 3rd – Seminar #4 – Group B

To discuss – Champion, Rutherdale/Miller, Hastings, Carstairs chapters/articles



Tuesday, November 7th – The World in Canada: Refugee Movements

Bangarth, Stephanie. “Canada’s Complicated History of Refugee Reception.” Available Online at ActiveHistory.ca:

Thursday, November 9th – Canada and the Development of International Human Rights

Tunnicliffe, Jennifer. “A Limited Vision: Canadian Participation in the Adoption of the International Covenants on Human Rights.” In Taking Liberties: A History of Human Rights in Canada, eds. David Goutor and Stephen Heathorn (2013): Chapter 6.

Friday, November 10th – Canada and Development Aid

Loo, Tina. “We Are the World,” Canada’s History 92, no. 1 (February-March 2012): 12-15.



Tuesday, November 14th – Seminar #5 – Group A

Thursday, November 16th– Seminar #5 – Group B

To discuss – Bangarth, Tunnicliffe, Loo articles

Friday, November 17th– Counterculture of the 1960s/1970s

No readings


WEEK ELEVEN: * Research Final Paper Due Tuesday, November 21st

Tuesday, November 21st – Foreign Relations in the 1970s

Webster, David. “Self-fulfilling Prophecies and Human Rights in Canada’s Foreign Policy.” International Journal (2010). Available Online at the UCLA International Institute: http://www.international.ucla.edu/masterpages/cseas/humanrights/Webster-Self-Fulfilling-Prophecies.pdf

Mills, Sean. “Quebec, Haiti, and the Deportation Crisis of 1974.” Canadian Historical Review 94, no. 3 (September 2013): 405-435.

Thursday, November 23rd – The End of the Cold War

No readings

Friday, November 24th – Canada and Human Security after the Cold War

Gotlieb, Allan. “Romanticism and Realism in Canada’s Foreign Policy”, C.D. Howe Institute Benefactors Lecture, 2004. Available Online at:

Donaghy, Greg. “All God’s Children: Lloyd Axworthy, Human Security and Canadian Foreign Policy, 1996-2000.” Canadian Foreign Policy 10, no. 2 (Winter 2003): 39-56.



Tuesday, November 28th – Seminar #6 – Group A

Thursday, November 30th – Seminar #6 – Group B

To discuss – Webster, Mills, Gotlieb, Donaghy articles

Friday, December 1st – Canada in the Post 911 World

No readings



Tuesday, December 5th – Course Conclusion / Exam Discussion




Other Course Information:

Please note - this course will rely heavily on the Avenue to Learn website. Students are responsible for checking the site regularly for updates to reading lists, for further outlines of course assignment expectations, and for messages from the instructor.